• Currency
  • Language
08 Jul 2019 |
Ciutadella Park

Ciutadella Park: From Fortress to Park

Ciutadella Park: From Fortress to Park

A Short Summary of the History of Ciutadella Park

The Parc de la Ciutadella is the largest park in the center of Barcelona, located next to the trendy Born neighbourhood. It was established during the 19th century and for decades it was the only green area in the city center. The park has remained very popular up to today, one reason being because the zoo is located inside the park as well as many activities that you can enjoy on the grounds.

In 1714, after a 13 month war (War of the Spanish Succession), Barcelona fell to the army of Philip V of Spain. In order to maintain control over the city, and to prevent the Catalans from rebelling as they had in the previous century, King Philips V built the citadel of Barcelona, at that time the largest fortress in Europe.

If you come to visit Barcelona, ​​we advise you to stay in an apartment in Barcelona's Born Quarter. This way, you will know one of the most emblematic districts of Barcelona and save money since hotels are more expensive and offer you less space and comfort.

The fortress was characterized by having five corners, which gave the citadel defensive power, and by a rather wide surrounding margin, serving as location for the army's cannons. It included enough buildings to house 8,000 people. Many Catalans were forced to work on the construction for over three years.

Fortress of Philip V

In 1841 the city's authorities decided to destroy the fortress, as the building was disliked by the citizens of Barcelona. Two years later, in 1843, under the regime of Maria Cristina, the citadel was restored. After Maria's abdication the citadel was useless and most of the buildings were destroyed yet again.

The chapel (now the Military Parish Church of Barcelona), the Governor's palace (now Verdaguer Secondary School), and the arsenal (which is now home to the Catalan Parliament) remain, with the rest of the site being turned into the park of the citadel as we now know it, on the grounds of the former fortress, as designed by the architect Josep Fontsére in 1872.

Nineteen years later, in 1888, Barcelona held the Exposición Universal de Barcelona extravaganza, inspired by Mayor Rius i Taulet, and the park was redesigned with the addition of sculptures and other complementary works of art. The sculptures then, are not as old as you might have thought.

Excursions in Barcelona

Enjoy Barcelona to the full and fill your trip with unforgettable experiences and emotions reserving an excursion in the Catalan capital organized by the GetYourGuide team. Thanks to the local guides you will discover the pure life of the city and feel the soul of Barcelona! Choose your excursion and fall in love with Barcelona:

Do you like this post?

Guest Writer

Harriet Freeman Harriet Freeman
Veteran blogger who lives in Barcelona, to inform about the most interesting places, known by all, and the most hidden secrets of the city!

Related articles

Share your thoughts

Tired of reading about Barcelona? Find an apartment and stay there!

Connect with Facebook
Log in with Google
Forgot your password?
Enter your email below and we will send you a password reset link.
Cancel
captcha

Opening hours: Monday to Friday from 08:00 to 18:00.

We speak English, Spanish, German, Russian, French, Dutch and Italian.

+34 678625980
+33 184883620
+1 6465689734
+34 902052856
+46 844680527
+44 2036950691
+31 208083149
+39 0694804041
+49 3030808496
+45 89884196
International number: +34 933255027
Collect entries and win great prizes!

Everyone can collect entries for the prize draw of our contests by participating in our guide & community. Below you see how you can collect entries.

There is no limit to the number of entries you may collect. The more you collect, the bigger the chance to win!

To make it fair for everyone we reset the number of entries back to zero after every draw.

What can you win?
Win a weekend for 2 in Barcelona

Win a weekend in Barcelona


We use cookies to provide you with a better web experience. By browsing our site you accept the use of these cookies. Read more here. OK